Hey check whether you received the payment and one more thing is all the changes were not made as per suggested. for example : references and citations. it was asked not mention source under the images. Please can you check this and send me as soon as possible.
Running head: WEB DEVELOPMENT IN E-COMMERCE1
WEB DEVELOPMENT ON COMMERCE43
Web Development in E-Commerce
Sri Charan Kotary
Table of Contents
4Web Development on Commerce
12 A Philosophy
21 Design Phase
Web Development In Commerce
Background of the Study
E-commerce is the maintenance of business information, sharing of business information and conducting transactions in business through web-designed applications (Scharl, 2012). Based on figures that were obtained from the Forrester research, it is clear that the conduction of business transactions through web-designed applications is on the increase (Ariyani, Hanantjo & Purnama, 2015). Additionally, internet adoption by Small and medium-sized enterprises is very crucial to thin their business dealings generation of important information for electronic commerce. Moreover, the internet has established itself as a primary resource especially when it comes to the modern day commerce since so many businesses are developing their own web presence. In this case, a business that has developed a website can use it as a storefront for its business operations (Shaw, Blanning, Strader & Whinston, 2012). Furthermore, development costs and time needs to be taken into consideration whenever any business wants to create an e-commerce website hence, a number of implementation options need to be factored in as well. International standards have been developed in the past to help website developers with some simple guidelines that might be helpful in implementing simple e-commerce websites. In such situations, it is a requirement that the business decides the designer of the website while at the same time determining how the business will like the website to appear (Shaw et al., 2012).
Apart from IT companies, one way a business can develop a website is through in-house development. In this case, in-house development can be carried out with the assistance of a software package in the form of an e-commerce construction application kit. Besides, some web designs in e-commerce should be incorporated with graphic designs that possess databases embedded with functions to sell goods and products online very effectively. For instance, the catalog areas of the developed websites should be established in such a way that they can be arranged into product categories together with their respective searching functionality that is modeled to suit the demands of the company.
Statement of the Problem
There is an increasing consensus in the modern day research regarding the need to explain and observe the paradoxes related to e-commerce when dealing with the issue of Information System research and information assurance in a networked economy. It is such concerns that raise the need for web development and the success of smaller Information and Technology companies (Ariyani, et al., 2015) Additionally, development on its own is the backbone of e-commerce, which indicates that so many aspects revolving around it are still undergoing some changes. In other words, a decision to adopt web development design in commerce is not taken lightly most especially when it comes to SMEs. Apparently, some few factors inhibit or encourage the implementation of e-commerce depending on the current commerce situation (Shaw et al. 2012). Nevertheless, as much as some researchers have indicated that these enterprises are using e-commerce and the internet, there have been minimal systematic research works that try to explore on how such enterprises are really adopting e-commerce. Besides, some scholars such as Malić, Makitan and Petrov (2016) acknowledged that more collaboration with SME owners might try to establish a method that can be used to deal with the challenges that revolve around the adoption of e-commerce. In response to the need of more research, the purpose of this research is to explore some of the factors that can inhibit or facilitate web development in e-commerce.
The purpose of this research revolves around the exploration of some of the factors that may act as barriers or facilitators to web development in commerce as well as comprehend how this factors impact web development implementation process in commerce. To realize this objective, an Action Research study on an SME in Galway (River Deep Mountain High-RDMH) will be very appropriate (Ariyani, Hanantjo & Purnama, 2015). In this research, RDMH will be used in the context of research because one of the research assistant was working with RDMH as from February 2013 to May 2015. RDMH is retail SME that specializes in outdoor equipment and clothing since the year 1991. It possesses approximately 20 employees. Additionally, before the implementation of this research, Galway had no working official website thus there were no electronic transactions. Since the research assistant who is apparently, their former employee has revealed that RDMH has plans of adopting e-commerce, it has made it a very suitable place to conduct this research (Shaw et al., 2012). Moreover, in order to establish customer awareness and in the process grow their business operations, the retail shop has seen e-commerce as an avenue of achieving their goal with an objective of growing their online shopping facilities within a span of two years. Therefore, the research will be conducted between October 2016 until October 2017 and it will go through three distinct Action Research process cycles as shown in the diagram below.
Figure 1: Action Research Plan Cycle (Source: web image. Retrieved from: An Action research approach to curriculum development by Authors P. Riding, S. Fowell, & P Levy (1995) Retrieved from: sttps://www.google.com/search?q=Action+research+plan+cycle&biw=1366&bih=657&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjlk-PwrI7PAhWDupQKHeCpBUMQ_AUIBigB) Historically, Action research was discovered in the 1940s and it was firs applied by Kurt Lewin. Additionally, Kurt Lewin was a renowned sociological father. In other words, as much as Action research developed into other sectors, Kurt Lewin is acknowledged as its founding father. Besides, this research approach expanded its roots into the United States and became more popular for a certain period until when politics, economics, and culture fostered its decline. Action plan concept started existing again in the late 1970s in Britain under the mentorship of Lawrence Stenhouse. In simple terms, the concept of action research was modeled around higher education academicians
Advantages of Action Research
Action research is more advantageous because the maximum interaction and collaboration of the researcher with other research respondents will give room for easy accessibility to in-depth research information (Malić et al., 2016). Additionally, Action research will see to it that the researcher is able to overcome the challenges of trying to comprehend the fuzzy, ill-structured world of complex Small and medium-sized enterprises through the application of action research since it deals with real-life challenges and the immediate issues faced by practitioners. Additionally, since the topic in this context revolves around technology, there is a high chance that it will be very significant to a very large section of the commerce industry most especially when it comes to communication assurances. In other words, the applicability of the action research approach to this issue provides a singular opportunity to gather information from those individuals in the organization facing certain challenges that can later lead to very significant research opportunities (Malić, Makitan & Petrov, 2016). As a result, the problem-solving approach will be employed in this research work to make it possible for this research to obtain funds for research work. In simple terms, AR is participative in nature, which is the implication, that the research client and the research will try as much as possible to work together effectively (Scharl, 2012). Furthermore, action research approach, in this case, will be chosen because it is more occupationally relevant and more satisfying as compared to other research approaches (Malić, Makitan & Petrov, 2016). In this case, action research will be able to eliminate the challenges that are experienced with adopting traditional research in the following ways: First, it will be able to contribute to theory. Second, action research is very applicable to integrative and unstructured issues. Third is that it possesses a wider relevance to research practitioners. .
Action Research and the Development of Web Designs in E-Commerce
Information assurance systems seem to be a very relevant research avenue to use action research approach (Scharl, 2012). Additionally, e-commerce in the modern century is one of the major contributors to the global economy. Action research techniques are acknowledged as being very clinical and hence, may place e-commerce in an assistance role within the business company in which they are studied (Ariyani, Hanantjo & Purnama, 2015). Given the fact that the web development should be more relevant to e-commerce and communication assurance practice, then action research is the best approach of making this aspect more significant. In other words, it is able to bond practice with research hence producing research findings that are in line with organization’s objectives. Apparently, such research results are the most appropriate determinant of research importance.
Action Research Justification
Because this approach encourages a collaborative relationship between the researcher and the research respondents, it will be the most appropriate approach in developing a web design in E-commerce (Scharl, 2012). Besides, action research will as well assist in determining the deficiencies that exist in the development of a web design in commerce. Moreover, being a participatory approach of research, it will as well involve various business stakeholders who will benefit a lot from the developed website.
However, just as any other methodologies used in research, action research is at times very challenging to practice and very easy to perform atrociously. On some occasions, this type of research approach is very difficult to justify and report. In simple terms, action research should be done close to perfection so that even if the supervisors of the project do not agree about how the project research was conducted, they would have no otherwise but to accept that the researcher used adequate rationale (Ariyani, Hanantjo & Purnama, 2015). Moreover, AR requires heavy participation in the actual research situation hence as much as it offers the individuals participating in the research a chance of expanding their knowledge but at a cost of objectivity.
Literature Review on Web Development in Commerce
The most common assumption in the modern day research is that methods, techniques, and processes that are employed in applications developments have radically changed as the concentration of applications has transformed from the ancient information systems to the modern day world wide web (Bryman & Bell, 2015). As a result, there has been need for a research that will ensure that an internet commerce development methodology that deals with the intensity and the challenges that come with the issue of online marketing. In essence, the internet and the global website have had significance implications on the operation and the nature of the modern day business operations. At the same time, the changing demands, tastes, and preferences of customers has as well played a critical role on the requirements of the approaches used in developing these systems (Bryman & Bell, 2015). Any web application in commerce should focus on business in such a way that it should be driven by the strategy of the business and not necessary the technological, implementation. Besides, the web application should as well take into consideration the external focus in the name of customers. Apparently, the rapidly changing environment of businesses establishes the need for evolutionary developments and development cycles approaches.
On a general perspective e, some scholars may argue that the issues rose as far as the internet and commerce are concerned are not new to humankind (Uzun, 2013). However, rather than classifying commerce as a new parading in development, then it is important to categorize it as a new subject in the information system discipline (Bryman & Bell, 2015). Nevertheless, based on scholarly articles that revolve around the topic of e-commerce, it is assumed that the ancient development techniques are no longer applied in the modern development framework.
Primary Features of the Web-based Development in E-commerce
The web based development application attempts to deal with the issues related to emphasizing the focus of the business, the speed of change and the external focus in terms of customers. The web based development application will be made up of the following primary features.
A web based development application views e-commerce developments as initiatives put in place by an organization and in the process, it ensures that it takes into consideration the need to deal with managerial (Stringer, 2013). Organizational and strategic cultural, issues coupled with the technical details of implementation and design. In this case, it is wise for the development application to offer a subjective holistic perspective in the sense that, the e-commerce development applications can never be effective if the organizational culture and management are not conducive for the forthcoming web development change (Bryman & Bell, 2015). In simple terms, the definition of an e-commerce strategy revolves around a range of information opinions and sources (Hajli, 2013). Moreover, a web-development application takes into consideration an e-commerce environment in such a way that the political, functional boundaries and cultural nuances are merged in the process. Therefore, a web development application in e-commerce can be implemented successfully if only its context of implementation is effective and appropriate.
A web development application in e-commerce can act as development methodology as well as a business analysis. Additionally, many traditional information systems cover only those technical aspects of e-commerce systems development and in essence, they do not engage in any form of business analysis (Stringer, 2013). On the other hand, internet commerce in its own right is a business direction and in the process, it needs a comprehensive analysis of the overall business strategy. In simple terms, it takes into consideration an extensive range of factors including the conduction of SWOT analysis of the area in which the business is operating (Bryman & Bell, 2015). In other words, the changing consumer preferences and tastes are also influential in the development of the web application in commerce. Therefore, it is important for a management structure that will be capable of supporting internet commerce in an organization (Gregor & Hevner, 2013).
Technique and Tools
A web development application in commerce is believed to have a number of component phases that are able to guide the development evaluation strategy together with the application website (Stringer, 2013). In this case, all the business issues that relate to the internet database connections, Web page design, security issues, methods, and implementation tools are also taken into consideration.
An internet development methodology can provide a framework that can be easily be adopted in the establishment of a web development in e-commerce (Uzun, 2013). In the process, it is applicable to a wide range of situations most especially where business organizations are looking to gain net revenues based on e-commerce.
Figure 2: Issues that are factored in web development in e-commerce ( source: web images, 2016. Issues that are factored in web development in e-commerce. Retrieved from: https://www.google.com/search?q=overview+of+ICDM+(INTERNET+COMMERCE+DEVELOPMENT+METHODOLOGY)&biw=1366&bih=657&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGoYOBiZzPAhWKv48KHVWzC6UQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=go-I45J5RFPdRM%3A)
Web Management Strategy
The internet Commerce methodology recommends that the development and implementation of a web development ion e-commerce should be done in three phases. In this case, the management and the overall development of the internet application can be viewed as an ongoing task and in the process, it can be considered as a functional component of a web application (Uzun, 2013). The first phase or rather the first tier of the web development is acknowledged as a management and meta-development perspective that offers the framework necessary for development. Additionally, the second tier involves the development of the website components. In this case, it is important to note that at each stage, the work that is done should be classified as evolutionary in order to cope with any modifications, challenges, and changes that will have to be encountered (Bryman & Bell, 2015). Moreover, the final and the third tier in the development and the management structure encompasses the implementing and developing systems and in this case, it includes the analysts, technical teams web development consultants and content specialists as shown in the figure below
Organizational web management team
Website of component production team
Analysts/ discipline specialists/programmers/ web consultants
Figure 3: web management strategy (Source: web images, 2016.web management strategy. retrieved from: https://www.google.com/search?q=overview+of+ICDM+(INTERNET+COMMERCE+DEVELOPMENT+METHODOLOGY)&biw=1366&bih=657&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGoYOBiZzPAhWKv48KHVWzC6UQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=go-I45J5RFPdRM%3A)
Characteristics of Web Development in E-commerce
Internet has been transformed in a number of ways since its origins in terms of the business facet and the social facet. Additionally, in one hand, it can be argued that the internet has evolved into a facet to transmit information between organizations and persons and in the process; it permits socializing and communication (Bryman & Bell, 2015). On the other hand, it can be said to have benefited companies, organizations, and corporations in conduction of their business operations through the ability to carry out better and faster business activities such as promotion, buying and selling among others.
The business aspect of the internet is believed to have come into existence in the early stages of Electronic Fund Transfer around the 1960s. Together with the Electronic Data Interchange, they became the talk of the town around 1968. Nevertheless, its existence was not taken seriously until the year 1984 when the issue of the internet became popular because of the introduction of Netscape. Additionally, the issue of e-commerce started existing around the 1990’s when the practitioners and companies became are of the benefits and the potential associated with the application of the internet into business operations. As a result, the popularity of e-commerce and its application has become popular since then.
Web development in e-commerce falls in the umbrella of an extensive are that is acknowledged as the e-business (Bryman & Bell, 2015). Additionally, this concept top some people can be relatively new but on a large4 scale, it is acknowledged as the rise of the tech industry and the internet applications in general around 1995 to the year 2000. Within this time, it can be argued that so many companies were established to adopt the internet use in reaching to an extensive base of customers. Moreover, quite a number of internet-born business companies were either small or medium size enterprises or were experiencing their conception stages
E-commerce and SMEs
SMEs are generally accepted as one of the most crucial sectors in the economy since they play a crucial role in the economic growth, employment, and social cohesion as well as local and regional development (Wirtz, Piehler & Ullrich, 2013). Additionally, communication and information technologies are uniquely modifying the nature of business around the globe. In other words, innovations in technology like ICTs and e-commerce are as of recent becoming more diffuse among business operations since most barriers are reduced substantially by the advent of open standards, lower costs and more ubiquitous Internet-based technology. Moreover, the adoption of the internet is crucial to the generation of an extensive base for customers but on the contrary, a number of scholars argue that a wide number of benefits are not being realized.
Factors Determining Web Development in E-commerce
It is universally known that there are factors that inhibit or facilitate the implementation of web development in e-commerce (Bryman & Bell, 2015). Additionally, there are also some factors that can be classified as intermediaries in the sense that, they are either inhibitors or facilitators of web development in e-commerce. Some of the well-known factors based on literature reviews are as in the table below.
On a general level, this can be taken to mean the extent that accompany is willing and ready to adopt a new advancement in technology. In this case, the knowledge and skills of the technology coupled with the support of IT vendors is crucial to the readiness of a company (Bryman & Bell ,2015)..
Lack of resources and time
Most companies lack the willingness and need to implement innovations like e-commerce and information technology. In so doing, it prevents most business companies to exploit new business opportunities or exploit new resources (Wirtz, Piehler & Ullrich, 2013).
Lack of understanding
The lack of comprehension of the necessity and need to adopt certain technological innovation s in commerce inhibits the progress of most companies of adopting them in bridging the gap that exists within their company (Bryman & Bell ,2015)..
The failure for most organizations to plan the exploitation and introduction of an advance3d technology occurs because of the limitations facilitated by the management (Wirtz, Piehler & Ullrich, 2013)
The person in charge of the implementation of the e-commerce may not necessarily be the owner of the SME (Hajli, 2013).
Table1: Facilitators and Inhibitors of Web Development in E-Commerce
Emerging Challenges and Trends in Web Development in E-commerce
It is argued that, the aspect of perceived benefits of web development plays a very crucial role in the adoption of e-business as its strategy. Additionally, the reviewed literatures indicated that the issue of perceived benefits is the major driving force in the adoption of e-commerce.
As in any new venture, the initial step in producing good returns is establishing goals. Additionally, once a business has established its goals, then the next potential step is setting the business plans. In such a case, conducting a SWOT analysis is very influential in assessing the company’s weaknesses, strengths, opportunities, and threats of the current business environment. Moreover, it is important for the company to review its entire operations and not just segments of its day-to-day operations (Bryman & Bell, 2015).
After the conduction of the SWOT analysis, it is important for the company to evaluate and find out whether the web development fits into the company’s overall vision (Bryman & Bell, 2015). As a result, it will ensure that business objectives for the current annual year in which the company established objectives for customers, sales, new systems, profits, customers, and new staff. Apparently, after the company objectives have been set up, it is then the right time to conduct a web development consultant. Moreover, other relevant tools that can ensure that the web development in your business is effectively implemented based on the need and demand is PEST, MOST and Porters Five Forces analysis.
Besides having a good business strategy, it is crucial to have a fundamental comprehension of e-commerce law. In this case, those individuals who sell online most especially those who engage in global business face various financial and legal considerations as far as the security, copyright and privacy is concerned (Wirtz et al.,2013). The Federal Trade Commission controls most e-commerce activities. In this case, all the activities revolvi
We are a professional custom writing website. If you have searched a question and bumped into our website just know you are in the right place to get help in your coursework.
Yes. We have posted over our previous orders to display our experience. Since we have done this question before, we can also do it for you. To make sure we do it perfectly, please fill our Order Form. Filling the order form correctly will assist our team in referencing, specifications and future communication.
2. Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "PAPER INFORMATION" section and click “PRICE CALCULATION” at the bottom to calculate your order price.
3. Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
4. Click “FINAL STEP” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.
5. From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.
Why Hire Safehomework.com writers to do your paper?