The assignment we have to do now is "PART- B" i.e. Change Control. It is a total of 5000 words. that is a group work for which we are 5 members and each member has to do 1000 words. Please refer to the case study and state necessary changes for the profit of the company.
refer he case study I attached and read the instructions carefully. i have already done part – A, so dont worry about it. just you need to focus on part B- Change control.
At 6:00 P.M. on Thursday in late October 1998, Don Jung, an Atlay Company project manager (assigned to the Lyle contract) sat in his office thinking about the comments brought up during a meeting with his immediate superior earlier that afternoon. During that meeting Fred Franks, the supervisor of project managers, criticized Don for not promoting a cooperative attitude between him and the func- tional managers. Fred Franks had a high-level meeting with the vice presidents in charge of the various functional departments (i.e., engineering, construction, cost control, scheduling, and purchasing) earlier that day. One of these vice presidents, John Mabby (head of the purchasing department) had indicated that his depart- ment, according to his latest projections, would overrun their man-hour allocation by 6,000 hours. This fact had been relayed to Don by Bob Stewart (the project purchasing agent assigned to the Lyle Project) twice in the past, but Don had not seriously considered the request because some of the purchasing was now going to be done by the subcontractor at the job site (who had enough man-hours to cover this additional work). John Mabby complained that, even though the sub- contractor was doing some of the purchasing in the field, his department still would overrun its man-hour allocation. He also indicated to Fred Franks that Don Jung had better do something about this man-hour problem now. At this point in the meeting, the vice president of engineering, Harold Mont, stated that he had experienced the same problem in that Don Jung seemed to ignore their requests for additional man-hours. Also at this meeting the various vice presidents indicated
The Lyle Construction Project
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that Don Jung had not been operating within the established standard company procedures. In an effort to make up for time lost due to initial delays that occurred in the process development stage of this project, Don and his project team had been getting the various functional people working on the contract to “cut cor- ners” and in many cases to buck the standard operating procedures of their respective functional departments in an effort to save time. His actions and the actions of his project team were alienating the vice presidents in charge of the functional departments. During this meeting, Fred Franks received a good deal of criticism due to this fact. He was also told that Don Jung had better shape up, because it was the consensus opinion of these vice presidents that his method of operating might seriously hamper the project’s ability to finish on time and within budget. It was very important that this job be completed in accordance with the Lyle requirements since they would be building two more similar plants within the next ten years. A good effort on this job could further enhance Atlay’s chances for being awarded the next two jobs.
Fred Franks related these comments and a few of his own to Don Jung. Fred seriously questioned Don’s ability to manage the project effectively and told him so. However, Fred was willing to allow Don to remain on the job if he would begin to operate in accordance with the various functional departments’ standard operating procedures and if he would listen and be more attentive to the com- ments from the various functional departments and do his best to cooperate with them in the best interests of the company and the project itself.
INCEPTION OF THE LYLE PROJECT
In April of 1978, Bob Briggs, Atlay’s vice president of sales, was notified by Lyle’s vice president of operations (Fred Wilson) that Atlay had been awarded the $600 million contract to design, engineer, and construct a polypropylene plant in Louisiana. Bob Briggs immediately notified Atlay’s president and other high- level officials in the organization (see Exhibit I). He then contacted Fred Franks in order to finalize the members of the project team. Briggs wanted George Fitz, who was involved in developing the initial proposal, to be the project manager. However, Fitz was in the hospital and would be essentially out of action for another three months. Atlay then had to scramble to appoint a project manager, since Lyle wanted to conduct a kickoff meeting in a week with all the principals present.
One of the persons most available for the position of project manager was Don Jung. Don had been with the company for about fifteen years. He had started with the company as a project engineer, and then was promoted to the position of manager of computer services. He was in charge of computer services for six months until he had a confrontation with Atlay’s upper management regarding the
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Exhibit I. Atlay and Company organization chart
Process Civil Elect . Instr. Piping Scheduling Cost Control Buying Exped. Inspect. Traffic ProjectsMech.
R.. Begen R.. Stewart
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policies under which the computer department was operating. He had served the company in two other functions since—the most recent position, that of being a senior project engineer on a small project that was handled out of the Houston office. One big plus was the fact that Don knew Lyle’s Fred Wilson per- sonally since they belonged to many of the same community organizations. It was decided that Don Jung would be the project manager and John Neber (an experi- enced project engineer) would be assigned as the senior project engineer. The next week was spent advising Don Jung regarding the contents of the proposal and determining the rest of the members to be assigned to the project team.
A week later, Lyle’s contingent arrived at Atlay’s headquarters (see Exhibit II). Atlay was informed that Steve Zorn would be the assistant project manager on this job for Lyle. The position of project manager would be left vacant for the time being. The rest of Lyle’s project team was then introduced. Lyle’s project team consisted of individuals from various Lyle divisions around the country, including Texas, West Virginia, and Philadelphia. Many of the Lyle project team members had met each other for the first time only two weeks ago.
During this initial meeting, Fred Wilson emphasized that it was essential that this plant be completed on time since their competitor was also in the process of preparing to build a similar facility in the same general location. The first plant finished would most likely be the one that would establish control over the south- western United States market for polypropylene material. Mr. Wilson felt that Lyle had a six-week head start over its competitor at the moment and would like
678 THE LYLE CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
Exhibit II. Lyle project team organizational chart
VP of Operations
Asst. Project Mgr.
Sr. Project Eng.
P rocure. Rep.
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to increase that difference, if at all possible. He then introduced Lyle’s assistant project manager who completed the rest of the presentation.
At this initial meeting the design package was handed over to Atlay’s Don Jung so that the process engineering stage of this project could begin. This pack- age was, according to their inquiry letter, so complete that all material require- ments for this job could be placed within three months after project award (since very little additional design work was required by Atlay on this project). Two weeks later, Don contacted the lead process engineer on the project, Raphael Begen. He wanted to get Raphael’s opinion regarding the condition of the design package.
Begen: Don, I think you have been sold a bill of goods. This package is in bad shape.
Jung: What do you mean this package is in bad shape? Lyle told us that we would be able to have all the material on order within three months since this package was in such good shape.
Begen: Well in my opinion, it will take at least six weeks to straighten out the design package. Within three months from that point you will be able to have all the material on order.
Jung: What you are telling me then is that I am faced with a six-week sched- ule delay right off the bat due to the condition of the package.
Don Jung went back to his office after his conversation with the lead process engineer. He thought about the status of his project. He felt that Begen was being overly pessimistic and that the package wasn’t really all that bad. Besides, a month shouldn’t be too hard to make up if the engineering section would do its work quicker than normal and if purchasing would cut down on the amount of time it takes to purchase materials and equipment needed for this plant.
CONDUCT OF THE PROJECT
The project began on a high note. Two months after contract award, Lyle sent in a contingent of their representatives. These representatives would be located at Atlay’s headquarters for the next eight to ten months. Don Jung had arranged to have the Lyle offices set up on the other side of the building away from his project team. At first there were complaints from Lyle’s assistant project manager regarding the physical distance that separated Lyle’s project team and Atlay’s project team. However, Don Jung assured him that there just wasn’t any available space that was closer to the Atlay project team other than the one they were now occupying.
Conduct of the Project 679
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The Atlay project team operating within a matrix organizational structure
plunged right into the project (see Exhibit III). They were made aware of the delay
that was incurred at the onset of the job (due to the poor design package) by
Don Jung. His instructions to them were to cut corners whenever doing so might
result in time savings. They were also to suggest to members of the functional
departments that were working on this project methods that could possibly result
in quicker turnaround of the work required of them. The project team coerced the
various engineering departments into operating outside of their normal proce-
dures due to the special circumstances surrounding this job. For example, the civil
engineering section prepared a special preliminary structural steel package, and
the piping engineering section prepared preliminary piping packages so that the
purchasing department could go out on inquiry immediately. Normally, the pur-
chasing department would have to wait for formal take-offs from both of these
departments before they could send out inquiries to potential vendors. Operating in
680 THE LYLE CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
VP of Procurement
Mgr. of Projects Mgr. of Buying,
Expediting, Traffic Chief Inspector
Exhibit III. Atlay Company procurement department organizational chart
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this manner could result in some problems, however. For example, the purchas-
ing department might arrange for discounts from the vendors based on the quan-
tity of structural steel estimated during the preliminary take-off. After the formal
take-off has been done by the civil engineering section (which would take about
a month), they might find out that they underestimated the quantity of structural
steel required on the project by 50 tons. This was damaging, because knowing
that there was an additional 50 tons of structural steel might have aided the pur-
chasing department in securing an additional discount of $.20 per pound (or
$160,000 discount for 400 tons of steel).
In an effort to make up for lost time, the project team convinced the func-
tional engineering departments to use catalog drawings or quotation information
whenever they lacked engineering data on a particular piece of equipment. The
engineering section leaders pointed out that this procedure could be very danger-
ous and could result in additional work and further delays to the project. If, for
example, the dimensions for the scale model being built are based on this project
on preliminary information without the benefit of having certified vendor draw-
ings in house, then the scale for that section of the model might be off. When the
certified data prints are later received and it is apparent that the dimensions are
incorrect, that portion of the model might have to be rebuilt entirely. This would
further delay the project. However, if the information does not change substan- tially, the company could save approximately a month in engineering time. Lyle
was advised in regards to the risks and potential benefits involved when Atlay
operates outside of their normal operating procedure. Steve Zorn informed Don
Jung that Lyle was willing to take these risks in an effort to make up for lost time.
The Atlay project team then proceeded accordingly.
The method that the project team was utilizing appeared to be working. It
seemed as if the work was being accomplished at a much quicker rate than what
was initially anticipated. The only snag in this operation occurred when Lyle had
to review/approve something. Drawings, engineering requisitions, and purchase
orders would sit in the Lyle area for about two weeks before Lyle personnel
would review them. Half of the time these documents were returned two weeks
later with a request for additional information or with changes noted by some of
Lyle’s engineers. Then the Atlay project team would have to review the comments/
changes, incorporate them into the documents, and resubmit them to Lyle for
review/approval. They would then sit for another week in that area before finally
being reviewed and eventually returned to Atlay with final approval. It should be
pointed out that the contract procedures stated that Lyle would have only five
days to review/approve the various documents being submitted to it. Don Jung
felt that part of the reason for this delay had to do with the fact that all the
Lyle team members went back to their homes for the weekends. Their routine was
to leave around 10:00 A.M. on Friday and return around 3:00 P.M. on the follow-
ing Monday. Therefore, essentially two days of work by the Lyle project team
Conduct of the Project 681
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out of the week were lost. Don reminded Steve Zorn that according to the con-
tract, Lyle was to return documents that needed approval within five days after
receiving them. He also suggested that if the Lyle project team would work a full
day on Monday and Friday, it would probably increase the speed at which docu-
ments were being returned. However, neither corrective action was undertaken by
Lyle’s assistant project manager, and the situation failed to improve. All the time
the project team had saved by cutting corners was now being wasted, and further
project delays seemed inevitable. In addition, other problems were being encoun-
tered during the interface process between the Lyle and Atlay project team
members. It seems that the Lyle project team members (who were on temporary
loan to Steve Zorn from various functional departments within the Lyle organi-
zation) were more concerned with producing a perfect end product. They did not
seem to realize that their actions, as well as the actions of the Atlay project team,
had a significant impact on this particular project. They did not seem to be aware
of the fact that they were also constrained by time and cost, as well as perfor-
mance. Instead, they had a very relaxed and informal operating procedure. Many
of the changes made by Lyle were given to Atlay verbally. They explained to
the Atlay project team members that written confirmation of the changes were
unnecessary because “we are all working on the same team.” Many significant
changes in the project were made when a Lyle engineer was talking directly
to an Atlay engineer. The Atlay engineer would then incorporate the changes into
the drawings he was working on, and sometimes failed to inform his project engi-
neer about the changes. Because of this informal way of operating, there were
instances in which Lyle was dissatisfied with Atlay because changes were not
being incorporated or were not made in strict accordance with their requests.
Steve Zorn called Don Jung into his office to discuss this problem:
Steve: Don, I’ve received complaints from my personnel regarding your teams inability to follow through and incorporate Lyle’s comments/changes accurately into the P & ID drawings.
Don: Steve, I think my staff has been doing a fairly good job of incorporat- ing your team’s comments/changes. You know the whole process would work a lot better, however, if you would send us a letter detailing each change. Sometimes my engineers are given two different instructions regarding the scope of the change recommended by your people. For example, one of your people will tell our process engineer to add a check valve to a specific process line and another would tell him that check valves are not required in that service.
Steve: Don, you know that if we documented everything that was discussed between our two project teams we would be buried in paperwork. Nothing would ever get accomplished. Now, if you get two different instructions from my proj- ect team, you should advise me accordingly so that I can resolve the discrepancy. I’ve decided that since we seem to have a communication problem regarding
682 THE LYLE CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
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engineering changes, I want to set up a weekly engineering meeting for every Thursday. These meetings should help to cut down on the misunderstandings, as well as keeping us advised of your progress in the engineering area of this con- tract without the need of a formal status report. I would like all members of your project staff present at these meetings.
Don: Will this meeting be in addition to our overall progress meetings that are held on Wednesdays?
Steve: Yes. We will now have two joint Atlay/Lyle meetings a week—one discussing overall progress on the job and one specifically aimed at engineering.
On the way back to his office Don thought about the request for an additional meeting. That meeting will be a waste of time, he thought, just as the Wednesday meeting currently is. It will just take away another day from the Lyle project team’s available time for approving drawings, engineering, requisitions, and pur- chase orders. Now there are three days during the week where at least a good part of the day is taken up by meetings, in addition to a meeting with his project team on Mondays in order to freely discuss the progress and problems of the job without intervention by Lyle personnel. A good part of his project team’s time, therefore, was now being spent preparing for and attending meetings during the course of the week. “Well,” Don rationalized, “they are the client, and if they desire a meeting, then I have no alternative but to accommodate them.”
When Don returned to his desk he saw a message stating that John Mabby (vice- president of procurement) had called. Don returned his call and found out that John requested a meeting. A meeting was set up for the following day. At 9:00 A.M. the next day Don was in Mabby’s office. Mabby was concerned about the unusual procedures that were being utilized on this project. It seems as though he had a rather lengthy discussion with Bob Stewart, the project purchasing agent assigned to the Lyle project. During the course of that conversation it became very apparent that this particular project was not operating within the normal pro- cedures established for the purchasing department. This deviation from normal procedures was the result of instructions given by Don Jung to Bob Stewart. This upset John Mabby, since he felt that Don Jung should have discussed these devi- ations with him prior to his instructing Bob Stewart to proceed in this manner:
Mabby: Don, I understand that you advised my project purchasing agent to work around the procedures that I established for this department so that you could possibly save time on your project.
Jung’s Confrontation 683
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Jung: That’s right, John. We ran into a little trouble early in the project and started running behind schedule, but by cutting corners here and there we’ve been able to make up some of the time.
Mabby: Well I wish you had contacted me first regarding this situation. I have to tell you, however, that if I had known about some of these actions I would never have allowed Bob Stewart to proceed. I’ve instructed Stewart that from now on he is to check with me prior to going against our standard operating procedure.
Jung: But John Stewart has been assigned to me for this project. Therefore, I feel that he should operate in accordance with my requests, whether they are within your procedures or not.
Mabby: That’s not true. Stewart is in my department and works for me. I am the one who reviews him, approves the size of his raise, and decides if and when he gets a promotion. I have made that fact very clear to Stewart, and I hope I’ve made it very clear to you, also. In addition, I hear that Stewart has been predict- ing a 6,000 man-hour overrun for the purchasing department on your project. Why haven’t you submitted an additional change request to the client?
Jung: Well, if what Stewart tells me is true the main reason that your depart- ment is short man-hours is because the project manager who was handling the initial proposal (George Fitz) underestimated your requirements by 7,000 man- hours. Therefore, from the very beginning you were short man-hours. Why should I be the one that goes to the client and tells him that we blew our estimate when I wasn’t even involved in the proposal stage of this contract? Besides, we are taking away some of your duties on this job, and I personally feel that you won’t even need those additional 6,000 man-hours.
Mabby: Well, I have to attend a meeting with your boss Fred Franks tomor- row, and I think I’ll talk to him about these matters.
Jung: Go right ahead. I’m sure you’ll find out that Fred stands behind me 100 percent.
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PROJ6003_Assessment 1 Brief_July 2019.Docx Page 1 of 9
Subject Code and Title PROJ6003 Project Execution and Control
Assessment Assessment 1: Change Management (2 parts)
Part A: Module 1-2 Discussion Forum
Part B: Change Control
Individual/Group Part A: Individual
Part B: Individual/Group
Length Part A: 750 words
Part B: 1500 words/student
Learning Outcomes 1. Draw on tools and techniques of sourcing project data, develop a range of processes and measures to manage scope, change and quality on complex global projects.
Submission Part A: Post by end of Module 2.
Part B: By 11:55pm AEST/AEDT Sunday end of Module 3
Weighting 50% (Part A: 15%; Part B: 35%)
Total Marks Part A: 15 marks
Part B: 35 marks
During project execution, project managers ensure that project work is completed as specified in the Project Management Plan and according to project requirements. Requirements may change throughout the course of a project. Changes need to be controlled, ensuring all of their impacts upon the project are managed effectively and are incorporated into existing management plans and project baselines.
The process of directing and managing project work requires project managers to take on numerous responsibilities and to exhibit characteristics such as attention to detail, constant communication and effective leadership.
For this Assessment refer to the assessment case study found in Key Learning Resources.
PROJ6003_Assessment 1 Brief_July 2019.Docx Page 2 of 9
There are two parts for this assessment: 1 Discussion Forum (Part A) that prepares students to write a Change Management Plan (Part B).
Each student will construct an initial response in approximately 500 words to the following questions
and post on the Module discussion forums. Students will be graded individually on how students
demonstrate/share project change management theories and contribute to the general discussion of
the topic over weeks 2, 3 & 4 as well as their 250-words written response. The initial and responding
posts must be submitted by the end of Module 2 (Total 750 words).
Part A: Module 1-2 Discussion Forums
Managing Project Changes
Why is change management a necessary component of project management? Consider the given case
study, critically analyse and identify key issues that could lead to any necessary changes in the project.
What processes or strategies do you think would work best to perform the identified change requests
from the case study?
Part A – Complete your posts by the end of Module 2.
Part B: Change Control
Based upon the given case study, in groups or as an individual, develop a report on change control. In the report:
1. Identify changes required for the case study. Critically analyse their impact on scope, time, cost, quality of the project and the techniques used to manage them.
2. Explain what processes are involved in submitting a request to deal with the changes necessary from your analysis of the case study.
3. Identify and discuss options to satisfy each change request and any risks associated to the options.
4. Complete the change request/control form provided or one that is used from a workplace.
The written part of your change control report should consist of 1500 words/student.
If you work in group, nominate a group leader and this group leader will submit the assessment on behalf of the group.
Output: Complete and submit your change control report by the end of Module 3.
PROJ6003_Assessment 1 Brief_July 2019.Docx Page 3 of 9
Heldman, K. (2013). PMP Project Management Professional Exam Study Guide (7th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Wiley
Chapter 8: Developing the Project Team (Read the section on ‘Directing and Managing Project Work’)
Chapter 10: Measuring and Controlling Project Performance (Read the section on ‘Managing Perform Integrated Change Control’)
Chapter 11: Controlling Work Results (Read the sections from ‘Managing Cost Changes’ to and including ‘Validating Project Scope’)
ProjectLibre. (n.d.). ProjectLibre: Open source replacement of Microsoft Project [Software download]. Retrieved from http://www.projectlibre.org/home
Project Management Institute. (2013). A guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK Guide®) (5th ed.). Newtown Square, Pennsylvania: Project Management Institute.
Section 3.5: Executing Process Group
Section 3.6: Monitoring and Controlling Process Group
Section 4.3: Direct and Manage Project Work
Section 4.4: Monitor and Control Project Work
Section 4.5: Perform Integrated Change Control
Section 5.5: Validate Scope
Section 5.6: Control Scope
Section 6.7: Control Schedule
Section 7.4: Control Costs
Section 11.6: Control Risks
Snyder, C. S. (2013). A project manager’s book of forms: A companion to the PMBOK guide (2nd ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Wiley.
Change Log Template (Word document)
Change Management Plan Template (Word document)
Change Request Template (Word document)
Wysocki, R. K. (2012). Effective Project Management: Traditional, Agile, Extreme (6th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Wiley.
Chapter 6: How to Launch a TPM Project (sections ‘Recruiting the Project Team’ to ‘Assigning Resources’).
Chapter 7: How to Monitor and Control a TPM (Read the sections from ‘Managing Project Status Meetings’ to and including ‘Putting It All Together’).
Assessment Criteria: Please refer to the following learning rubrics for assessment criteria on each part.
PROJ6003_assessment 1 brief_July 2019.docx Page 4 of 9
Learning Rubric – Assessment 1 Part A: Modules 1-2 Discussion Forums
High Distinction (85-100)
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